## PENGARUH STOK MODAL DAN UPAH MINIMUM KABUPATEN TERHADAP PENYERAPAN TENAGA KERJA PADA UKM DI KABUPATEN TASIKMALAYA PERIODE TAHUN 2003-2008 (Studi Kasus pada Industri Komoditi Unggulan )

**ABSTRAK**

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui bagaimana pengaruh stok modal dan upah minimum Kabupaten terhadap penyerapan tenaga kerja di Kabupaten Tasikmalaya periode tahun 2003-2008.

Data yang dipergunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah data semesteran selama 6 tahun yang bersifat sekunder. Data diperoleh dari Dinas Perindustrian dan Perdagangan Kabupaten Tasikmalaya. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah model Regresi Linier Berganda dengan alat analisis: koefisien determinasi (R^{2}), uji t, uji F, heteroskedastis, uji normalitas, masalah serial korelasi dengan Durbin Watson, dan masalah multikolinier menggunakan program perhitungan Eviews dan analisis elastisitas.

Dari hasil penelitian ini menunjukan bahwa 97,93 % penyerapan tenaga kerja pada industri bordir di Kabupaten Tasikmalaya dipengaruhi oleh stok modal dan upah minimum Kabupaten sedangkan sisanya 2,07 % dipengaruhi oleh faktor lain (misal teknologi) diluar model tersebut. Untuk penyerapan tenaga kerja pada industri bambu di Kabupaten Tasikmalaya sebesar 99,51 % sedangkan sisanya sebesar 0,49 %. Sedangkan untuk penyerapan tenaga kerja pada industri pandan di Kabupaten Tasikmalaya sebesar 60,39 % dan sisanya 39,61 %. Dan untuk penyerapan tenaga kerja pada industri mendong di Kabupaten Tasikmalaya yaitu sebesar 98,74 % sama halnya dengan industri bordir, bambu dan pandan, industri mendong juga dipengaruhi oleh stok modal dan upah minimum Kabupaten sedangkan sisanya sebesar 1,26 % di pengaruhi oleh faktor lain (teknologi) yang tidak dijelaskan secara rinci dalam penulisan Skripsi ini.

Pengaruh stok modal pada industri bordir, bambu, pandan dan mendong berpengaruh signifikan terhadap penyerapan tenaga kerja. Upah minimum pada industri bordir berpengaruh negatif dan tidak signifikan, upah minimum pada industri bambu dan mendong berpengaruh positif dan signifikan, sedangkan untuk upah minimum pada industri pandan berpengaruh positif namun tidak signifikan terhadap penyerapan tenaga kerja.

Kata kunci : Stok Modal, Upah Minimum, Tenaga kerja.

jurnal lengkap terdapat pada link di bawah ini :

## PENGARUH STOK KAPITAL DAN TENAGA KERJA TERHADAP PRODUK DOMESTIK BRUTO SEKTOR PERTANIAN DAN SEKTOR INDUSTRI DI INDONESIA PERIODE 1980 – 2004

**Ade Komaludin, Iis Surgawati, Subhan Insyani**

**Jurusan Ekonomi Pembangunan Fakultas*** Ekonomi Universitas Siliwangi*

* *

* *

*ABSTRACT*

*Agricultural sector and industrial sector in the reality can stay at a period of/to crisis, but that way in its growth show the existence of tendency of degradation of contribution relative to GDP. This Situation represents one of characteristic of tranformation structural which have happened at economy of Indonesia where role relative agricultural sector and its contribution industrial sector at GDP decreased and also absorbtion of downhill labour progressively. Explainted** **of invesment at agricultural sector expected can push increase of output and request of input so that have an effect on to increase of earnings and extension of job opportunity later on can push growth of economic and quicken of economic.*

*Result of analysis indicate that 1) Capital stock in general affect positive and significant to GDP period 1980-2004 in Indonesia. Result of analysis also indicate that economic crisis at mid 1997 in the reality affect and negativity of significant to GDP, however its influence do not significant to GDP agricultural sector and of GDP industrial sector. Labour variable do not affect negative significant even to GDP industrial sector, but its influence to GDP and of GDP positive agricultural sector. This matter indicate that very low labour productivity, so that addition of labour amount do not affect at product increase; 2) Pursuant to result of calculation can be concluded that level of elasticity of GDP to variable of capital stock equal to 2,14 and influence of this variable have the character of elastic while labour have elasticity equal to 0,67 and its influence have the character of inelastic. Whereas agricultural sector capital stock have elasticity equal to 2,95 to GDP agricultural sector but influence of this variable have the character of elastic, while elasticity of GDP agricultural sector to agricultural sector labour equal to 0,89 and have the character of inelastic. For the variable of industrial sector kapital stok have elasticity value equal to 3,05 to GDP industrial sector and have the character of elastic, however industrial sector labour variable show influence which is inelastic with elasticity value equal to – 0,33 to GDP industrial sector.*

*Keyword: **Capital stock, **GDP, **Labour*

## ANALISIS FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI PENDAPATAN ASLI DAERAH KABUPATEN CIAMIS PERIODE 1994 – 2006

**Asep Yusuf Hanapia, Iis Surgawati, ****Rita Nurhayati**

*Jurusan Ekonomi Pembangunan Fakultas Ekonomi Universitas Siliwangi*

** **

** **

*ABSTRACT*

** **

The objective of this research was to know : (a) influence of GDRB, population number and inflation to revenue of local income in Sub-Province of Ciamis period 1994 – 2006, (b) elasticity revenue of local income to GDRB, population number and inflation inSub-Province of Ciamis period 1994 – 2006.

Data used in this research was times series data Local Government Of Sub-Province of Ciamis. Research method the used is model of Linear Multiple Regretion with tools of the analysis were; correlation analysis (R), coefficient of determinasi (R^{2}), and variation analysis, test of F, test of t, Test autocorrelation, and test of multicolinearity by using calculation of program of SPSS.

Based on the data analysis, the cone of the research were :

1. GDRB, population number and inflation have an effect on to revenue of local income in Sub-Province of Ciamis during period 1994 – 2006.

**2. **Elasticity revenue of local income to GDRB is elastic with relation direction which are positive, population number and inflation is inelastic with relation direction which are positive for inflation and while to the population number instruct relationare negativity.

** **

** **

*Keyword : Revenue of local income, GDRB, population number and inflation.*

## ANALISIS FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI NILAI TUKAR RUPIAH TERHADAP DOLLAR AMERIKA SERIKAT DI INDONESIA PERIODE 1992.I – 2006.IV

**Chandra Budi L.S., Iis Surgawati, Rizki Setiadi**

**Jurusan Ekonomi Pembangunan Fakultas*** Ekonomi Universitas Siliwangi*

*ABSTRACT*

*This research aimed to know how about influence of inflation, gross domestic product, money supply, rate of interest (SBI), and international reserves on exchange rate of rupiah in Indonesia during period of 1992.I _{ }– 2006.IV, and to know the sensitivity level (elasticity) of exchange rate of rupiah on inflation, gross domestic product, money supply, rate of interest (SBI), and international reserves in Indonesia during period of the 1992.I_{ }– 2006.IV.*

*Data used in this research was descriptive secondary data or quarterly data along fifteen years. Data were taken from Statistical of Economics and Finance Indonesia (SEFI) BI. Method of Research used was Multiple Regression Linear with analysis appliance: correlation analysis (R), coefficient analysis of determinant (R ^{2}), and elasticity analysis, while examination taken is test F, test t, test autocorrelation, test of multicolinearity, and heteroscedasticity test by using calculation of program of EViews.*

*Based on this research to show that 97,6289 % of exchange rate of rupiah in Indonesia influenced by inflation, gross domestic product, money supply, rate of interest (SBI), and international reserves while remainder about 2,3711 % were influence by other factors.*

*The influence of gross domestic product, money supply, and international reserves on exchange rate of rupiah in Indonesia during period of 1992.I _{ }– 2006.IV partially is significant. *

*But for the variable of inflation and*

*rate of interest (SBI),*

*the*

*influence is not significant*

*to exchange rate of rupiah in Indonesia during period of 1992.I*

_{ }– 2006.IV.*Elasticity **exchange rate of rupiah to inflation and rate of interest (SBI) is inelastic with relations which are positive. Elasticity exchange rate of rupiah to international reserves and gross domestic product is inelastic with relations which are negative. Elasticity exchange rate of rupiah to money supply is elastic with relation which is positive.*

* *

*Keyword: inflation, gross domestic product, money supply, rate of interest (SBI), international reserves on exchange rate*

## ANALISIS FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI PENDAPATAN ASLI DAERAH DI KABUPATEN TASIKMALAYA PERIODE TAHUN 1994-2005

Apip Supriadi, Iis Surgawati, Saripudin

ABSTRACT

The aim of this research is to know (1) how big the influence consume local government, GDRP, sum up resident, component original earnings of area previous year, and the regional development to original earnings of area in Regency of Tasikmalaya period of year 1994-2005. (2) how big influence GDRP, consume local government, tax area of previous year and the regional development to tax of area in Regency Tasikmalaya period of year 1994-2005. (3) how big influence GDRP, sum up resident, retribution area of previous year and the regional development to retribution of area in Regency Tasikmalaya period of year 1994-2005. (4) how big the influence consume local government, profit of company area of previous year and the regional development to profit of company of area in Regency Tasikmalaya period of year 1994-2005. (5) how big the influence sum up resident, original earnings of area, total expenditure of local government and regional development to others acceptance of valid area in Regency Tasikmalaya period of year 1994-2005. Examination done/conducted by simultan with signifikan of level α = 5%. (1 ) Because prob ( F-Statistik) 0.003597 smaller than α ( 5%) becoming H0 in refusing is inferential hence that: consume local government, GDRP, sum up resident, original earnings component previous year area and the regional development to original earnings of area in Regency Tasikmalaya year period 1994- 2005 that is equal to 0,99%. (2) Because prob ( F-Statistik) 0.000104 smaller than α ( 5%) becoming H0 in refusing is inferential hence that: GDRP, consume local government, previous year area tax and the regional development by simultan have an effect on signifikan to area Iease in Regency Tasikmalaya year period 1994-2005 that is equal to 0,95%. (3) Because prob ( F-Statistik) 0.008356 smaller than α ( 5%) becoming H0 in refusing is inferential hence that: GDRP, sum up resident, previous year area retribution and the regional development by simultan have an effect on signifikan to area retribution in Regency Tasikmalaya year period 1994-2005 that is equal to 0,83%. (4) Because prob ( F-Statistik) 0.000010 smaller than α ( 5%) becoming H0 in refusing is inferential hence that: local government consumption, previous year area company profit and the regional development by simultan have an effect on signifikan to area company profit in Regency Tasikmalaya year period 1994-2005 that is equal to 0,96%.(5) Because prob ( F-Statistik) 0.000138 smaller than α ( 5%) becoming H0 in refusing is inferential hence that: resident amount, original earnings of area, total of local government expenditure regional development by simultan have an effect on signifikan to valid area acceptance others in Regency Tasikmalaya year period 1994-2005 that is equal to 0,95%. Keyword: local tax, local yield, local government expenditure, regional development

**Ade Komaludin, Iis Surgawati, Yudi Setiadi**

**Jurusan Ekonomi Pembangunan Fakultas*** Ekonomi Universitas Siliwangi*

* *

*ABSTRACT*

* *

*This research aim is to know: 1) influence GDRP, amount of resident and Rising of the town to *PAD* in Sub-Province of Ciamis during period 1996-2005 2) To know sensitivities *PAD* to PDRB and amount of resident in Sub-Province of Ciamis during period 1996-2005.*

*The method of Research used by descriptive method and the data used by secondary data (time series) that is obtained from office of *BPS* of Sub-Province Ciamis, analyser used by coefficient determinacy (R2), test coefficient of regression is test F and t test, while to test validity of data used (autokorelasi test, multikolinearitas test, hetrokedastis test, and normalitas test) and use elasticity analysis*

*From research result use test R2, in the reality the level influence of Product Domestic Regional Bruto of is Amount and Rising Town Resident to Original Earnings of Area in Sub-Province Ciamis year period 1996-2005 is equal to 0,95 while the rest that is 0,05 representing influence from the other factor. With the statistical examination F in the reality together showed the Product Domestic Regional Bruto, amount of resident and rising town have an effect on positive to Original Earnings of Area in Sub-Province Ciamis Period 1996-2005. For Domestic Sensitivities of Product Domestic Regional Bruto (PDRB) and amount of resident to Original Earnings of Area in Sub-Province Ciamis year period 1996-2005 were 3,55 (elastic) and 32,05 (elastic).*

* *

* *

*Keyword: gross domestic regional bruto, PAD*

## ANALISIS KEPEKAAN TABUNGAN TERHADAP TINGKAT SUKU BUNGA, PDB, DAN NILAI TUKAR RUPIAH DI INDONESIA PERIODE 1990 – 2006

**Chandra Budhi L.S, Iis Surgawati, Taufikpermana**

**Jurusan Ekonomi Pembangunan Fakultas*** Ekonomi Universitas Siliwangi*

* *

* *

* *

*ABSRTACT*

* *

*This research aim to know how influence mount interest rate, GDP, and exchange rate of rupiah to saving in Indonesia period 1990 – 2006, and to knowing the level of saving elasticity to interest rate, GDP, and exchange rate of rupiah in Indonesia periode 1990 – 2006.*

*In research to be executed, writer use the descriptive research that is trouble shooting procedure investigated by depictin /defining circumstance subject/object at somebody, the institute, society, and other, at the time of now pursuant to visible fact or as it is.*

*Pursuant to inferential calculation result hence that 1) This research result in the reality influence mouth the interest rate, GDP, and exchange rate of rupiah to saving in Indonesia period 1990 – 2006 having influence which significant because with the high interest rate level hence society will be motivated to saving, and with the high earnings of society will be able to cast aside some of its earning to keeping in the form of saving, 2) Result of this research in the reality saving inelastis to interest rate, GDP, and exchange rate of rupiah in Indonesia period 1990 – 2006, with the saving which inelastis to interest rate, GDP, and exchange rate of rupiah to shown that ambition save the Indonesia society but also the existace high interest rate, high earning, and strong exchange rate, but more orienting to creation feel safe and more focused for the purpose of waking up – take care of in the future.*

* *

*Keyword: interest rate, GDP, exchange rate, saving*

## ANALISIS PENGARUH TINGKAT UPAH, INVESTASI DAN PDRB TERHADAP PENYERAPAN TENAGA KERJA

**Jumri, Iis Surgawati, Datih Janiati**

*Jurusan Ekonomi Pembangunan Fakultas Ekonomi Universitas Siliwangi*

** **

** **

*ABSTRACT*

** **

*The objective of this research was to know **: (a) influence of wage rate, and invesment GDRP to absorbtion of labour in West Java Period 1996 – 2006, (b) wage rate variation of coefficient level, and invesment of GDRB to absorbtion of labour in West Java Period 1996 – 2006.*

*Data used in this research was times series data of BPS and BI. Method of Research used model of Linear Multiple Regretion with tools of the analysis were; correlation analysis (R), coefficient of determinasi (R ^{2}), and variation analysis, test of F, test of t, Test autocorrelation, and test of multicolinearity by using calculation of program of SPSS.*

*Based on the data analysis, the core of the research were :*

*1. Wage rate, invesment and GDRB influence absorbtion to labour in West Java period of year 1996 – 2006 *

*2. Invesment is stable variable in small varians absorbtion of labour in West Java period 1996 – 2006.*

** **

*Key words : Wage Rate, Investment, GDRB and Absorbtion of Labour in West Java.*

## PENGARUH EFEK MULTIPLIER DAN KEPEKAAN PENGELUARAN PEMERINTAH DAERAH PROPINSI TERHADAP VARIABEL MAKROEKONOMI DI PULAU JAWA PERIODE 1994 – 2006

**Ade Komaludin, Iis Surgawati, ****Hani Yuliyanti**

*Jurusan Ekonomi Pembangunan Fakultas Ekonomi Universitas Siliwangi*

** **

** **

*ABSTRACT *

** **

** **

*The objective of this research was to know**: (a) Influence of GDRP, population number and expenditure of government of year before all to expenditure of government in Java Period of 1994 – 2006, (b) sensitivity level expenditure of government to GDRP, population number and expenditure of government of year before all in Java Period of 1994 – 2006, (c) how multiplier expenditure of government to GDRP in Java period 1994 – 2006.*

*Data used in this research was times series data of CPS and BI. Method of research used of Linear multiple regretion models with tools of the analysis were; coefficient of determinasi (R ^{2}), *

*elasticity analysis and analysis of multiplier, test of F, test of t, test autocorrelation, and test of multicolinearity by using calculation of program of SPSS.*

*Based on the data analysis, the conclution of the research were :*

*1. **Multiplier expenditure of government to GDRP to entire all Java region are unidirectional. *

*2. **Elasticity expenditure of government to GDRP, population number and expenditure of government of year before all is inelastis with relation direction which are positive *

*3. **GDRP, population number and expenditure of government of year before all have an effect on to expenditure of government in Java period of 1994 – 2006*

*Keyword : GDRP, population number, expenditure of government.*

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